Type 2 Diabetes
When we speak about Diabetes we need to be clear about which type we are talking about.
Most common are: Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 Diabetes is caused by too much glucose in the blood as the body is not producing insulin. This is also known as Insulin-Dependent Diabetes. With this type of diabetes insulin injections have to be administered for life and sugar levels have to be controlled and regularly checked.
Type 2 Diabetes is the more common. This type of diabetes is caused by the body not producing enough insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and is responsible for taking glucose out of the blood and converting it into energy or storing it for future use. However it can also be caused by the pancreas producing enough insulin but the cells are unable to use the insulin as they have insulin resistance. Both of these create irregular blood glucose levels as the glucose isn’t being processed correctly.
Type 2 diabetes is most common in people over 40 years of age but is increasingly becoming a problem in younger people. It is closely related to increasing obesity and sedatory life style in society. It is also more common in people with South Asian, African-Caribbean or Middle Eastern descent.
Common symptoms to look out for if you are in this at risk group or if you are worried about your health are:
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urinating, especially at night
- Feeling very tired
- Loss of muscle mass
- Weight loss
- Itchiness around the genitals
- Regular bouts of thrush (a yeast infection)
- Blurred vision
- Skin infections
Not everyone will suffer these symptoms and they are usually not severe and easy to ignore, but if you do suffer them you must see your doctor to make sure you are tested and given the appropriate treatment.
Type 2 Diabetes is treated in many different ways however it cannot be cured, and catching it as early as possible is vital, as the earlier it’s caught the less damage it can do later in life. Treatment varies from adjusting your lifestyle, eating a healthier diet, controlling your weight, quitting smoking and taking regular exercise. However depending on the severity of the condition medical treatment may have to be taken. All treatment for Type 2 Diabetes is administered to keep blood glucose levels regular and help alleviate symptoms to avoid health problems in later life.
If you are worried about anything to do with diabetes see your local pharmacist or GP for more information and advice.